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and Inscriptions grecques et latines des tombeaux des Rois ou Syringes à Thèbes, fasc. Die Felseninschriften von Hatnub nach den Aufnahmen Georg Möllers herausgegeben und bearbeitet von Rudolph Anthes (K.


orient., XXXIV, 1912) of people who came to get stones. For Demotic graffiti in the crypt of the Osiris temple at Karnak, cf. Reitzenstein, Historia Monachorum, 9 points out that Historia Monachorum and Historia Lausiaca were both anonymous, and that theoretically the Metamorphoses of Apuleius was probably so likewise; the author's identity being indirectly revealed at the end. In one of the texts at Talmis (Gauthier, Temple, 283 no. In the temple of Pnepheros and Petesuchos at Karanis oracular responses may have been given by the high priest from within the great altar [E. 62 Orpheus prayed to Phoebus Titan Apollo that he might learn the birth of the gods and the making of the universe and received repeated revelations. The similarity to the religious quests described by Justin Martyr in his Dialogue, at the opening of the Clementine romances and (humorously) by Lucian in his Menippus has been noted; and cf. It was a common idea that temples were sources of wisdom; cf. gr., VIII iv, 210, 30 ἢ ἐν ἱεροῖς ἀναστροϕὰς ποιουμένους προϕάσει μαντειῶν, ἐνθουσιασμῶν, ἢ μαθημάτων. portico) Mandulis is described as θεὸν Μανδοῦλιν Ἀπόλωνα νευήκοον χρησμοδότην.

The call of Callimachus to poetry was probably not represented as given in a dream: E.

discusses a solar creed from Karnak of the twenty-first dynasty, notable for its slight emphasis on mythological elements and for the absence of the usual identification of other gods.

Ich werde seine Seele und seine Glieder beleben durch Wasser der Verjüngungs das ihn verjüngt zu seiner Zeit ohne aufhören.” ff. Berlin, 1929, iv, 110 urges that this process of spiritualization goes back much further in Egyptian history. Again in the Orphic theogony of Hieronymus-Hellanicus the Zervan-like figure is called χρόνος ἀγήραος and Heracles (Kern, Orphica, 130 no.

Justin Martyr's story in his Dialogue of how he entered into solitude in the hope of seeing God.

Porphyry, De abstinentia, I 36 speaks of Pythagoreans and others ὦν οἱ μὲν τὰ ἐρημότατα χωρία κατῴκουν; Epist. Dio of Prusa devotes oration XX to an attack on the idea that retreat is necessary for serious study. Hist, eccl., VI 9.6 implies that philosophic life and retirement went together: cf. Porphyry De abstinentia, IV 6 ἡρεμαίοις δὲ εἶναι, of Egyptian priests, and Athanasius, Vita Antonii, 49 (XXVI 913 C Migne) εἰ δὲ θέλεις ὄντως ἠρεμεῖν.

4 pura mente et ab omni terrena conuersatione seposita et cunctorum flagitiorum labe purgata.